Table of Contents
- Dimensions of Globalization with Examples and Explanations
- Times Change but Should Our Marriages Too?
- Dubai Divorces up, Emirati Wedding Down, but Mixed Marriages Rise
- Single Mothers in UAE Will Shoulder the Blame after Most Divorces
- Blaming Social Media for Divorce Is Short Sighted
- Personal Crisis Leads Emirati Women to Reach out to Others
- Sometimes Divorce Is the Only Answer
- Summary and Analysis of a New Politics of Identity
- Feminist Theory
- Three Waves of Feminism
- Womanist Theory
- Islamic Feminism
- My Perspective on Feminism
- Related Sociology essays
Politics refers to the ways in which a government runs the affairs of a given entity such as a nation. It also encompasses the control and administration of the internal and external affairs of the country as well as human relations between and within societies. Politics should emphasize on approaching problems in the spirit of human solidarity by energizing and consolidating shared humanity or human identities. Politics should, therefore, affirm universal human identities, locate the identities within its framework and, engage itself more in new politics of identity.
Identity refers to the concept in which an individual identifies themselves as a particular kind of a person and with others of this type appropriately. The three dimensions of individual identity are the human, the personal, and the social. The first dimension recognizes an individual as a unique person. The second one identifies an individual as a member of a particular structure of relationship or a member of a particular group. In the third dimension, a person is regarded as a member of the universal human community. An individual identifies themselves with the ethnic, cultural, religious or national identities. An example of the social identity is the collective identity that challenges and seeks to redefine the prevailing norms that marginalize them. The national identity is also another example of the collective identity that raises difficult issues in multicultural societies.
Globalization refers to the phenomenon in which far-flung societies become increasingly locked up into a system of interdependence due to revolutionary changes in transport and communication means as well as unbridled capitalism. The societies thus face everyday problems such as regulation of the spread of terrorism and diseases, environment issues, climate change, the movement of capital and people, which require negotiated solutions.
Dimensions of Globalization with Examples and Explanations
The dimensions of globalization can be economic, environmental, or social. Advances in transport and communication have created the world in which financial transactions prevail regardless of the region’s vastness. For instance, a company can have branches working in perfect coordination in different parts of the world. Environmental globalism encompasses the ways in which materials travel through oceans, atmospheric and biological substances, like genetic material and pathogens that affect human health. For instance, if an industry is releasing toxic substances into the air, the impact is felt in vast regions of the world due to the spread of those chemicals in the air. Social globalization refers to the way in which people throughout the world share information and create identities. For instance, with the help of the Internet, people can get to know and relate to important aspects of a given culture, ethnicity, or political dimensions of a society in any part of the world.
Times Change but Should Our Marriages Too?
Early and arranged marriages are some of the potential factors associated with the rising divorce rates in the UAE. The traditional purpose of marriage was to strengthen tribal bonds or heal rifts between them. However, with the overall development of the UAE and greater access to education many aspects of the society have changed. The marriage rates among 18 to 25-year-olds keep declining while Emirati women, who previously married at an average age of 23.7, now get married at an average age of 25.9. Times have changed, and marriages should change too. The compatibility of couples, especially personality-wise and intellectually, cannot be determined if couples are not allowed to get acquainted outside the marriage context. The traditions should not be done away with, rather, it is crucial to re-evaluate and improve what people already know. What worked some decades ago may not work for the current generation.
Dubai Divorces up, Emirati Wedding Down, but Mixed Marriages Rise
Last year, the divorce rates in Dubai increased while the number of Emiratis getting married reduced. In the year 2012, divorce rates rose by 10 percent for Emirati couples and 14 percent for Emiratis married to expatriates. In a survey, 1700 divorced Emirati women cited the following reasons for divorce: alcohol and drug use, lack of intimacy, jealousy, domestic violence, family interference, not knowing each other before marriage, communication failures, differences in education levels and age. The society keeps changing, and the traditional customs are nearing modern ones. The culture is now more mixed due to changes in values, behaviour, and social norms
Single Mothers in UAE Will Shoulder the Blame after Most Divorces
Parenting is an enormous challenge that requires unswerving efforts and sacrifices. Single parents face constant challenges regardless of their country of residence. Social stigma often adds another dimension to the struggles of a single mother in some countries like the UAE. The society blames women more than men for a divorce and gives these men more opportunities to start over. The society always overlooks the fact that the decision to divorce may have come from the husband or father of these children. It is, therefore, difficult for single mothers to start a new life and find other husbands since men perceive them to be ‘easy’. All single mothers need support from the community. Divorce may be the only solution to a couple’s problem. Thus, single mothers should be accorded needed respect from the society and be given a chance to make a fresh start.
Blaming Social Media for Divorce Is Short Sighted
Social media is increasingly blamed for divorce and marital disputes in the UAE and other regions of the world. The journal titled Computer in Human Behaviour published a recent US study that established links between social media use and reduced marriage satisfaction. Reports in the UK talk suggest that the social media is a significant threat to many marriages and a major contributor to a growing number of court cases. Local lawyers in China blame social networks such as Tencent’s WeChat for fuelling the rise of the divorce rate in the country. Jared Alden, a psychotherapist in Dubai, stated in an interview with The National that couples who visit him suffer from problems that could relate to social networks.
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In reality, social networks should not be blamed for increasing divorce rates. All apparent causes of online conflicts can start offline. The amount of time spent by married people socializing online can be spent equally offline, doing the same if couples are not keen on spending quality time with each other. It is very easy to blame the media rather than find the cause of a problem. Social networks only bring to light relationships that are already troubled.
Personal Crisis Leads Emirati Women to Reach out to Others
Women can either choose to swim or sink once a marriage ends. For Ms. Alzaabi, the option was to swim through the obstacles and overcome them since her children were young. The Key2success consultancy founded by Ms. Alzaabi provides a platform that enables her to reach out to other women and help them rebuild their lives. When women reach out to others, they become empowered in various ways. Their communication and presentation skills improve and this gives them confidence in both their family and workplace. Women can thus find a balance between their career, family, and personal passions.
Sometimes Divorce Is the Only Answer
The society in Dubai is still not comfortable with the idea of divorce. Women continue to stay in abusive marriages for fear of being judged by the society. In 2014, the number of domestic violence cases reported in Dubai increased from159 to 229. Sometimes, divorce is the only answer, especially after running out of all other options for conflict resolution. It is better to stay in a stable single-parent family than a dysfunctional two-parent family. Divorce relieves the children of all the stress experienced in marriage. The society needs to understand that divorce is also a good option that parents can choose for the sake of their children. A mature society needs to know that divorce has advantages and disadvantages and weigh the options instead of focusing on one side.
Summary and Analysis of a New Politics of Identity
Globalization is credited for being the primary reason that incites nations to enter into a new phase in human history. The world now faces common problems that require diplomatic solutions. The interests of the various countries are so intertwined that events in one country can bring profound consequences to countries that are far away. Human beings are bearers of both individual and universal identities. Thus, they are morally equal and make individual claims on each other. Global interdependence calls for the activation of human identities and the spirit of human solidarity.
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The chapter highlights some of the benefits and problems of the present world brought about by globalization. It brings out the need to understand and respond appropriately to the issues of the modern world by rethinking traditional assumptions and questions. Consequently, human solidarity should be constructed in openness and fairness by redefining and restructuring individual identities in line with a universal identity. The global identity could be a rich source of positive energy and bring people into harmony with the universal status.
Feminism theory refers to the theory of the social, economic, and political equality of the sexes, and the organized activity on behalf of women’s rights and the common interest. It is a movement that contributes immensely to the success and failures of any given country by offering a platform through which women can discover and create their unique place in the society.
Three Waves of Feminism
The first-wave feminism began in the 19th century in the United Kingdom and the United States and spanned to the early 20th century. At the time, the movement focused on officially de jure inequalities. People such as Olympia Brown and Lucy Stone were some of those considered to be feminists at the time. The passing of the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution that gave women the right to vote marked the end of this wave. The movement also included reforms in healthcare, the workplace, professions, and in education. The second-wave of feminism lasted from the early 1960s till the late 1980s, while the third-wave spans were from the beginning of the 1990s and have continued to the present time.
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In order to maximize the chances of success, the focus of the second wave was on de facto inequalities and the need to address de jure and de facto inequalities together due to their inextricably linked nature. The major moment of this wave included the Formation of National Organization for Women, the Feminist Sex Wars of the late 1970s and 1980s, and the Roe vs. Wade decision among others. However, the second wave undeniably failed despite some successes. The third wave rose because of the feeling of failure left by preceding wave. The wave was also a response to the back lash against movements and initiatives created unexpectedly by the second-wave.
Womanist theory addresses classist and racist aspects of white feminism and is against separatist ideologies. The theory accounts for the ways in which black women empower and support black men. Thus, they bring an understanding of the differences in the relationships between a black woman and a man and a white woman. The theory recognizes that women are survivors in a world that oppress them on various platforms. Therefore, it celebrates women and the way they negotiate in such demanding situations.
Islamic feminism focuses on the roles of women in Islam. It champions the equality of all Muslims regardless of their gender as well as their private and public life. Islamic feminists advocate for social justice, gender equality, and the rights of women founded in the Islamic context. The theory also seeks to highlight the teachings of equality deeply rooted in the religion and to encourage people to question the patriarchal interpretation of Islamic teachings towards the creation of a society that is equal and just.
My Perspective on Feminism
The feminist theories are all centred on empowering women on various platforms. They try to strengthen women and encourage them to fight for their rights and place in the society. With the help of this, women make their voices heard as they overcome oppressive norms that previously defined them. They also get to speak out and reach out to other women through these platforms.