The fight against poverty is a resolution that has been previously adopted by the United Nations with the need to restore the dignity of human beings that are often taken away by poverty. Poverty is a social and economic state based on the context and culture of a people. However, the global definition of poverty established that it is the state where one is unable to afford the basic needs thus depriving himself or herself of social dignity (Farmer, 2013). The resultant effect is that the individual becomes downtrodden economically. Poverty is increasing globally, thus there is a need to propose proper mechanisms to restore economic equality and human dignity. This paper aims to discuss international poverty reduction in light of the speech made by Paul Farmer in his book titled To Repair the Word.
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In discussing the concept of the international poverty reduction, the book by Dr. Farmer consists of four major parts, which cover such issues as reimagining equity, service solidarity and social justice, health and human rights, unnatural disasters, the future of medicine, and the big picture (Farmer, 2013). The first part of the book dwells upon the notion of reimagining equity. The chapter constitutes a series of lectures and speeches by Dr. Farmer that were previously made to present a discussion on how to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor with regard to access and affordability of healthcare and social services. The main point that is postulated by Dr. Farmer is the concept of disease intervention. The jotting of the speech emanates from the inspiration that Dr. Farmer receives from his work and involvement in Haiti. Haiti is a country where more than half of its population is poor despite being susceptible to environmental stocks and hazards that harm their lives and livelihods (Farmer, 2013). Based on the premises that are advanced by Dr. Farmer, disease intervention needs to have the sole purpose of eradicating the increasing rates of infectious disease. The infectious disease is known to increase the morbidity and mortality rates amongst the poor people. Poverty is a social tag that is worn mainly by those who are downtrodden in the society (Farmer, 2013). The poor also live in poorly maintained environments, thus they are susceptible to diseases. To ensure that there is an international reduction in the poverty levels, there is a need to address the issue of disease intervention with the sole purpose of addressing or minimizing the rates of infectious diseases amongst the poor people.
The second part of the anthology of speeches that were made by Dr. Farmer regards the future of medicine and the big picture. The future of medicine needs to ensure that the poor people have access to better and quality medical care (Farmer, 2013). The speeches that Dr. Farmer makes in the second part of the book challenges the thinking of the medical fraternity with regard to the requisite changes and overhauling of the current state of medicine by expatriates. Nowadays, the concern of many doctors is to ensure that they make a proper diagnosis of the issues that the populace are going through and suggest accurate medication plans. According to Farmer, there are social and economic factors that have the potential of preventing or lowering the quest by the populace to have appropriate medication care. The second section of the speeches by Dr. Farmer asserts that in order to realize the international poverty reduction, the doctor needs to lay focus on the big picture (Farmer, 2013). The big picture that the medical fraternity needs to address is to ensure that the poor people receive quality medication for free or wwithin the rates that the poor and the downtrodden can afford.
The third part of the book covers health and human rights and the unnatural disasters. The speeches in the third section of the book have a focus on the natural phenomena that tamper with the normal existence and livelihoods of people. The notable disasters that are discussed in the third section of the book are the 2010 Haiti earthquake and the Hurricane Katrina (Farmer, 2013). In making the speech, Dr. Farmer further affirms that the geographical regions that are hit by earthquakes are the regions where the poor live. From the main premise of the speech that is presented in the third part, there is a need to develop resilience building strategies for the poor. When the poor living in the marginalized and red flag geographical regions have a balance on their resilience levels to natural disasters, there is a higher possibility and probability of reducing international levels of poverty.
Finally, the last section of the book is also known as service solidarity and social justice. The main speech that is delivered in the final section of the book is the “Accompaniment” as Policy speech. According to Farmer, there is a need for the medical fraternity, the human relations, and behavior experts to work jointly and determine the community-based treatment strategies (Farmer, 2013). According to the speech, the author makes a suggestion to the Kennedy School in conducting research on the individuals with the requisite knowledge to make a response to the areas where the poor people live. The increase in the standards of living by the poor is a social malady that can only be corrected when there is requisite legislation that acts as a bridge to the social biases that are perpetrated in the society where one lives.