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Global population control is a practice that alters the rate of growth of the entire human population. The implementation process has been evident through controlling birth rate, an initiative organized by the government. Global population control is mainly undertaken to respond to the high levels of religious regions, poverty, overpopulation and environmental concerns. Although the global population control has spread across the world, which involves several measures that tend to improve people’s lives, controversies step in, such as introduction of programs that expose them to human exploitation. Across the globe, the human population control movements have been active since 1960s, which has resulted in implementation of a great number of the existing family planning and health reproductive programs. However, controversies stepped in as yeas went by leading to creation of tension between the population control body and the feminists who championed for women reproductive rights. In the long run, the controversies and tension from those individual opposing the population control caused a significant and drastic change in policies related to population control.
Practices Involved in Global Population Control
Several measures or practices have been developed across the globe with the essence or to aid in population control mechanism. The practices have been established and implemented by several countries with an aim of reducing the human population (Mosher, 2011). War as a practice tends to control population because people involved end up being killed while others are displaced and forced to other countries, thus acting as a mode of global population control. Use of contraceptives tends to be a practice that controls population. Most countries across the world have embraced the use of contraceptives such as pregnancy control pills, use of condoms as methods of controlling unplanned pregnancies, thus controlling population.
Abstinence is also a practice that has an assumption that, couples abstaining from sexual intercourse for a given period of time lower the rates of giving birth, which appears to be effective means of controlling global population control. Most undeveloped countries experience famine, which is a lack of basic food and water. Such countries’ authorities assume that famine stricken families need not to procreate due to starvation, thereby the former influence the controlling of the global population. On the other hand, countries have set up policies to curb immigration, when people are obstructed from entering a given country (Jacobsen, 2011). Those found within the country and considered non-citizen’s face deportation, thereby it helps to control intermarriages, which in-turn controls the global population. Abortion is also a common practice within several countries when unplanned pregnancy is terminated before it is due as a means of controlling global population, although critics view this as a sin.
Reasons for Controversies over the Practices
Abortion is one of the common practices aiming to control global population across the world. However, people tend to view abortion as an inhuman practice that sacrifices innocent lives of the unborn. Although abortions are legalized in several countries, it is illegal in some other countries and as a result, several debates have emerged on whether to use the practice as a population control method or not (Mudd, 2013). An abortion tends to be a controversial population control method because it is considered as a murder of the unborn. The practice receives criticism from different religions because it is regarded as a sin.
For instance, the Catholics across the world do not advocate for abortion and condemn this practice. Some countries advocate for abortion only if a doctor or any medical expert recommends it as the only way for mother to cure or even survive. On the other hand, some countries do not tolerate the mentioned practice completely and in case a person is caught practicing it, then he or she will be liable to serve a jail term. Most countries condemn this practice as far as it encourages unwanted pregnancies, because people are engaged in unprotected sex outside marriage knowing very well that eventually they become pregnant, abortion becomes the best option (Mosher, 2011).
The use of contraceptives proves to be controversial depending on one’s religion, therefore it is not considered as the best practice to be used in controlling the global population. For instance, the Catholics across the world have strongly condemned the use of contraceptives because it violates God’s commandments and further promotes immorality among individuals. According to the Catholic’s belief, God made a man and a woman for procreation purpose to fill the world, therefore, the use of contraceptives tampers with the ideology of procreation (Haub, Gribble, & Jacobsen, 2011).
Various Positions on Global Population Control
With the continuing high rate of population growth across the world, concerns have been raised about the necessity for countries to develop policies that would guide the rate at which population growth is monitored. According Mosher (2011), developing countries across the world record the highest rate of population growth. The governments of various countries have come up with policies that aid in the process of controlling global population. One of the commonly used policies is the restriction to enter the country for immigrants. Both the developing countries and the developed countries see the need of lowering the rate of immigration.
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China has come up with a policy that aids in the process of controlling the global population. The policy called as “China’s one-child policy” is a system where every couple is allowed to have only one child. To ensure the policy works efficiently, having more than one child leads to hefty penalties such as provision of fines, and forces illegal abortions (Scharping, 2013). The policy was introduced in 1978 with an aim of evading the possible environmental and social related problems in China. As a result, the policy in China has helped in preventing more than 400 million births thus acting as the best global population control practice (Haub, Gribble, & Jacobsen, 2011). On the other hand, different religions hold different positions on global population control.
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