Psychology holds a set of various theories of personality that explain the reasons of human behavior and its causes. Sigmund Freud is one of the most outstanding and important psychological theorists. Among his numerous theories is the Freud’s theory of personality. According to this theory, each individual operates his decisions based on the three components of personality that help him or her to make choices. This paper explains Freud’s theory of personality basing on its components, specifically explaining the role of id, ego, and superego. Also, followed by examples from real life situations, this paper explains how do the three components work together to balance actions.
Freud theorizes that each individual holds three components of personality, which are id, ego, and superego. According to Freud, based on the personal desires and reasoning, each human individual finds oneself in a constant conflict between each other in choice making. He places his claim on unconscious conflicts of psychological character that result from the dynamic interactions of the mind carried out from the childhood developmental experiences. Freud hypothesized that childhood is the most important stage of our lives, which shapes our behavior in the future. Therefore, balancing and resolving conflict of the three components of the human mind are extremely important. Freud specified that as a newborn, we are delivered with pleasure searching id. Further, while developmental interaction with the environment, a child develops ego, which bases on the formation of the environmental networks. Finally, at a later time one learns about the principles of right or wrong, the superego develops. Each of the components has a specific role.
The first part of the mind is primitive id, which is driven by unconscious desires of the pleasure principle to satisfy the basic needs to receive pleasure based on instant gratification. The second component is ego. The ego functions by analyzing conscious and unconscious drives. Its role is to correspond with the reality principle suggesting controlling the urges and satisfying them in accordance with the situation. The last conscious part of the human mind, the superego, is the moral regulatory mechanism, which cooperates with the schemas of social learning and moral Guardian. The theorist believed that these human mind parts are in conflict on a constant basis. According to Freud, this constant struggle serves as an outcome of the human behavior in the future.
Each person experiences inner conflicts on a daily basis that we fight by controlling the self. This makes us differ from animals. For instance, in the setting of a very serious governmental institution, where one comes for a specific affair, suddenly one realizes that the stomach is being tormented by hunger. The first thought would be to eat since the hunger is unbearable. Nevertheless, it is inappropriate in this situation. As a personal inner conflict I had to fight sleep during classes. Id was pointing out on being tired and strove to get to bed since I have been up all night studying. Nevertheless, the superego reasoned that class is not for sleeping, and it would not be ethical to sleep while the teacher is lecturing. After all, ego has set my mind on going home to bed right after the class and regaining my strength.
Freudian theory explains the nature of human behavior using three components of the human mind and suggests a working framework of the outcomes that result from unresolved issues in childhood. It is clear that we bring most of our routine automatic responses to behaviors formatted on the basis of childhood experiences. Even though we sometimes think that we exercise some of the activities unconsciously, or raise hands to the situation by going with the instincts, in fact, based on Freudian theory of personality, we always give the last resort for our ego to decide.