Learning is a complex process that includes acquiring new knowledge and developing new skills. It is important to adopt an effective approach to the process of leaning. It is evident that learning philosophy will vary from person to person and depend on the character and personal features. There are different theories and methods that explain how to develop an individual learning philosophy. It is important to combine them in a proper way to make the process of learning productive and successful. This essay intends to explain how to develop a personal learning philosophy taking into consideration different learning principles.
How to Develop the Learning Philosophy
In order to develop a learning strategy, one should take into consideration the following principles:
- Multimedia principle. It recommends using not only words but also graphics as the innovative technologies to make the learning process more effective and exciting. Multimedia principle is based on e-learning, presentations, and graphics.
- Spatial contiguity principle. This principle relies on the perception of information with the help of visuals, such as pictures, images on screens, etc. Besides, the process of learning should happen in a well-equipped environment with the help of innovative technologies.
- Temporal contiguity principle. It recommends using video and audio for making the process of learning quicker, for facilitating memorization. Also, it is crucial that the information received is accompanied by graphics.
- Modality principle. The process of learning is based on animation and audible narration. It means that the perception of knowledge and skills demands the use of innovative technologies.
- Coherence principle. It is obligatory to make learning coherent and well-planned. One should exclude confusing information and extraneous words to achieve better understanding and remembering.
- Individual differences principle. Every piece of information or a skill demand an individual approach to learning. It is easier to take in certain material when innovative technologies are used. Other information can be learnt with the help of graphics and audio.
- Redundancy principle. According to this principle, too many techniques used for learning can bring a negative outcome (Raelin, 2008).
To develop a personal learning philosophy, one should take into consideration the barriers that prevent him/her from successful knowledge acquisition. There are both mental and physical factors that influence learning. The mental factors are related to the process of cognition. Consequently, bad memory, lack of attention and patience, mental stress, and tension can cause failure of the learning process (Thalen, 2008). The physical factors are related to noise, unfavorable surrounding, and lack of the necessary information, which prevents the development of new skills (Overton & Ennis, 2006).
It is worth noting that behavioral learning theory is crucial for creating a learning philosophy. A Behavioral theory helps to understand how certain patterns of behavior are related to the ability of a person to acquire new knowledge and develop practical skills. It is evident that learning process demands consistency, responsibility, and sequence. They are the necessary prerequisites of success. It is a must for a learner to be active, emotional, and responsible for providing himself/herself with the necessary information. Consequently, the development of learning philosophy is a long process that demands time, effort, desire, and persistency. It may involve both positive and negative experiences, and one should not be afraid of challenges if he/she wants to become a successful learner.
Learning philosophy cannot be imposed as people are different in their approaches to learning, motivation, and character. Learning philosophy should be based on time management, personal organizational skills, motivation, and knowledge needs. Learners should not be afraid of experiments and should regard them as the necessary experience. Moreover, building learning philosophy demands such features as creativity, dynamics, and flexibility. One should not be passive when it comes to forming a learning philosophy. It is obligatory to be creative to choose the best practices and even implement personal ones. It is necessary to be curious and not to shy away from the opportunity to read a new book or practice a new skill (Tyler, 2013).
It is obligatory to be responsible and use time effectively for a learning philosophy to produce good results. Moreover, it is necessary to be enthusiastic and be ready to learn over time. In learning, there should not be any restrictions. Learners should be able to make lists and outlines, fill in charts, label scientific diagrams, do research papers or create innovative projects.
Learning philosophy can be based on different learning styles. Pragmatic learners, for instance, do not listen to new theories and ideas. They prefer opening something new themselves. Research papers are closer to them than abstract ideas. The personal learning philosophy of pragmatics is different from that of the activists.
The personal learning philosophy of a reflector is based on methodological approach and logical thinking. Consequently, reflectors try to find a new approach to the old information. It means that they are rational and analytical in learning process. The reflective learners are slower than activists and pragmatists. They need more time and efforts for thinking through ideas before implementing them.
The personal learning philosophy of theorists is based on studying theoretical material. They are objective and rational. They assume a methodological approach to acquiring new skills and knowledge, and are disciplined when it comes to time management. The process of learning of theorists is based on questioning. They are very curious and responsible (Tyler, 2013).
The effectiveness of learning depends on determining learning goals, preparation, organizational culture, available time, environment, and motivation. Motivation is the crucial factor as it encourages learning more and developing skills better. Consequently, the personal learning philosophy should stimulate a learner to find the driving forces of the learning process. Moreover, the environment should be favorable and encourage self-education. Additionally, the learner should use his/her feelings and intuition as they also help to develop creative and logical thinking. Therefore, the learner should rely on the following processes: choosing behavior, self-fulfillment, and self-esteem. The mind and the functions of the brain are not less important for the learning process.