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Human Cloning: Yes or No?

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Introduction

Modern science development and growth has opened new opportunities in different fields of human activities more so due to the many diseases that have emerged. The progress of the modern science is particularly beneficial for the development of new fields of science such as genetics and human cloning. To put it more precisely, genetics contributes to the development of medicine. This in return opens new opportunities for treatments of patients suffering from diseases, which used to be incurable, such as cancer and baldness. In such a context, the development of genetics seems to be quite logical, while in recent years genetics has become one of the most rapidly progressing fields of science.

Scientific advancement and medical impacts of human cloning development has various advantages, as well as ethical concerns, which are dictated by the communal, believe and perceptions of its practice. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the fact that the development of genetics has a huge potential, but the modern society is still unprepared to the practical implementation of technologies, which can be developed based on the contemporary science. In this respect, the development of human cloning is one of the most arguable issues, which raise a number of arguments for and against the development of genetics at large and human cloning in particular. Today, human cloning is probably one of the most controversial issues in modern medicine due to the fact that many of the societies and nations do not allow its practice based on their religious backgrounds as well as the society norms and traditions.

Human cloning has a technology embrace that does accrue to the various breakthroughs in the medical field. This is because through cloning the ability to cure cancer is realized because it simplifies the comprehension of the cell differentiation. This technology that Human cloning embraces is related to the cure of other illnesses such as heart attacks as well as facilitation of revolutions in the field of cosmetic surgery and enabling the organs for others transplantation. Based on these factors, human cloning is able to save a good number of lives that makes it a realistic approach to the medical field.

The other breakthroughs that human cloning avails to the medical, field involves the cure of infertility. Since time immemorial, infertile people are disregarded and are taken as outcasts in the society in addition to being subjected to discriminations. Men are made to perceive themselves, as they are not factual men and women made to perceive themselves as ineffectual and desolate vessels. Such infertile couples have options that are painful as well as expensive but through human cloning, it is easy to vary the situations that they do face. Thus, human cloning as argued by the medical experts is able to cure infertility ills and restore someone’s reproductive system back to normal.

In actuality, the development of modern science and medical genetics has opened larger opportunities for cloning and the use of stem cells. In fact, the modern science has already managed to conduct a series of experiments and successful cloning. Through cloning, the cure of baldness is simplified. It is a process of using the cloning technology to ensure that a balding head has more hair. The process involves the taking of a hair follicles sample from someone’s head: who must be the patient and then growing it as a graft. This will later be transplanted where the baldness is noticeable. This is a simplified method that is brought about by human cloning as opposed to the traditional incision approach: at the back of the scalp, which at the end accrues, to more that needed hair on the patients head. (Solter, 2006).

The emergence of the problem of human cloning is closely intertwined with the development of genetics. Genetics proved to be the branch of science that revolutionized the modern science and opened larger opportunities for the development of modern medicine, biology and other branches of science. The development of genetics stimulated experiments in regard to the scientific study of stem cells, while the late 1990s were marked by the development of cloning of animals and some experiments proved to be successful, including the famous experiment of cloning a sheep, Dolly, which was the first successful experiment in cloning animals.

In fact, the cloning of animals was a true breakthrough in genetics and modern science. This was realistic and practical to the treatment of various illnesses which resulted to the prolong of life and species incases where cloning was used to remodel a living thing such as Dolly. However, the early experiments with cloning of animals have revealed the full extent to which cloning was a controversial issue. In addition, the early experiments in animal cloning revealed the fact that modern science is still imperfect due to the survivability of animal clones the bad taste of their health when they are compared to the natural animals (Prentice, 2006).

Majority of the scientist are advocating the cloning as practice though they still warn against potential risks and dangers related to human cloning and scientific experiments in this field. To put it more precisely, the risk of errors in the course of experiments related to human cloning is very high and could lead to death and or cause serious injuries to human beings. Consequently, many critics insist on the ban of human cloning because of unpredictable outcomes of such experiments and their impact on the health and life of subjects of the experiments.

On the other hand, the research of human cloning and related issues can have a positive effect in the development of modern science at large and medicine in particular. Many researchers argue that cloning and research of stem cells open larger opportunities for modern science. In today’s medicine, the research of stem cells and their uses in modern medicine often confronts the opposition from the part of the public as well as specialists (Prentice, 2006).

The human cloning is realistic to the medical field and human race for various reasons. First, human cloning and the stem cell research extend human knowledge of genetics and functioning of living organisms’ at large. The research in this field provides scientists with valuable scientific information that can be used in medicine as well as other fields. From this information, doctors have been able to confront illnesses with a bigger number of options aiming that they shall be able to relieve their patients the distress.

At the same time, stem cell research definitely contributes to the progress of medicine and genetics. This is because the genetical composition of parents and children can be counter checked to ascertain various ways of undertaking a task. It could be the transplant of an organ or other variables. Therefore, scientists do view stem cell experiment as a research that is able to facilitate the undertaking of tasks and responsibilities towards various genetical issues.

At this point, it is possible to refer to numerous benefits stem cell research can bring to science, medicine, and humanity at large. In fact, stem cell research can contribute to the efficient treatment of terminally ill patients (Duin, 2007). For instance, doctors are able to save the lives of patients who would have died without the discovery made because of stem cell research which is applied to the practice of human cloning resulting to availance of practical medication.

Thus, any attempts to ban human cloning and stem cell research can inhibit the development of medicine. In contrast, the in-depth research of stem cell will lead to the better understanding of the subject, which will in turn help in the practice of medicine in an efficient way. At the same time, the research of stem cells is a crucial step toward human cloning because stem cells are essential elements of the research of the problem of the practical implementation of the idea of human cloning. The problem of human cloning arises as a derivative of the problem of stem cell research. In this regard, it is necessary to lay emphasis on the fact that the ban of stem cells research actually implies the ban of human cloning because without stem cell researches, it is impossible to conduct successful experiments in human cloning (Solter, 2006).

On the other hand, the development of modern genetics has already proved its effectiveness and positive impact on the development of science and socioeconomic life of the society (Solter, 2006). To put it more precisely, genetic experiments involving plants stimulated the emergence of GMO plants which have started to compete with traditional plants and, what is more important, they have started to replace traditional plants which proved to be less competitive compared to GMO plants.

Nevertheless, genetic experiments involving plants and the creation of GMOs are also accompanied by scientific debates but still these experiments prove the efficiency of the modern genetics and its practical applicability. The use of genetics and the creation of GMO have opened large opportunities for the development of modern agriculture that opens new prospects for the solution of the problem of starvation. In such a way, genetic experiments and the creation of GMO reveal the potential of human cloning since the success of GMO imply the potential of the overall success of human cloning (Solter, 2006).

Today, the opposition to human cloning is widely spread and the majority of the societies are opposed to experiments in the field of human cloning and stem cells research. At the same time, the opposition to human cloning is ground on ethical norms and rules, which the modern society is unprepared to neglect. In this respect, the major argument of opponents of cloning is the idea of the “unauthorized” intrusion of humans in the nature (Benoff & Grauman, 1997).

Religion too is opposed to the practice of human cloning. This is because, naturally, religious movements are unwilling to accept the idea that humans can play the role of a god or creator. At the same time, not only religious movements and organizations are opposed to human cloning researches. On religious grounds, such researches are immoral because the revered see stem cells and researches related to cloning as experiments on living beings, including humans.

In addition, ethical consideration becomes a serious obstacle to the further development of cloning, especially human cloning. These considerations lead to the ban of human cloning or consistent limitations in human cloning and researches related to the subject. In this regard, religious considerations, being extremely important, have a solid back-up in regard to ethical norms of the modern society.

To put it more precisely, human cloning evokes the ethical problem of human beings playing god, but, what is more, genetic experiments with human embryos and human cloning raise the problem of the ability and right of scientists to clone human beings. Such potentials of human cloning make it to be discarded as a practical approach to be utilized in the scientific trials and medical field.

What is meant here is the fact that the modern society is accustomed to democratic traditions, where all people are equal, i.e. they have equal rights, and they are supposed to have equal opportunities. However, human cloning means that scientists can create human beings and what is more it is scientists who can take decisions concerning the life and death of subjects of experiments. In such a way, the problem of equality naturally arises since, if scientists can clone humans, they can turn out to be in a superior position compared to the rest of the society. The latter apparently contradicts to existing cultural and ethical norms and traditions of the modern society.

Furthermore, opponents of human cloning argue that human cloning violates the natural development of human race. In fact, human cloning interferes in the course of the natural reproduction of human beings that apparently affects traditional family values. In such a context, human cloning becomes a sort of substitute to natural development of humans because human cloning potentially allows conditioning of human beings in accordance to the needs and wants of scientists or those who order such experiments.

Humans cannot be conditioned in accordance to one’s will, but human cloning opens large opportunities for conditioning of human beings. In such a way, human cloning comes into clashes with fundamental values of the modern society. Such contradiction to fundamental values of the modern society is probably the major obstacle to experiments related to human cloning as well as stem cell researches. In such a situation, the development of human cloning is not encouraged because it crushes with various aspects such as the communal acceptance and ridicule.

Nevertheless, scientists continue their researchers in the field of genetics (Bellieni and Buonocore, 2006). Scientist advocate for Human cloning because as per their argument it is essential for the development of genetical studies to facilitate the realization of medical conventions that are most practical in the treatment of extraordinary illnesses that for many years have lacked medications.

Humans being are an integral part of nature that has to be researched on for medical purposes. Thus, genetic study of human and the stem cells largely opens new horizons for the development of medicine. However, scientists (Duin, 1999) insist that these researches and the development of cloning are essential because they contribute to the huge progress of the modern science and open new opportunities for the modern medicine as well as other branches of science. In this respect, one of the major arguments in favor of stem cells researches and cloning is the possibility of using stem cells in medicine. In fact, stem cells can be used effectively and they can even save lives of terminally ill patients, for instance, those suffering from leukemia or other serious diseases.

Human Cloning and stem cells researches open new opportunities for the development of transplantation (Lo, et al., 2005). In such a context, the prospect of saving life of terminally ill patients often outweighs ethical concerns of stem cells researches and cloning making many specialists convinced in the necessity of further experiments and researches. Specialists (Caplan, 1997) argue that human cloning can help treat diseases, which used to be incurable and led to lethal outcomes in the past.

The benefits of human cloning and stem cells researches concerning the development of medicine are obvious. In this regard, human cloning can accelerate the development of modern medicine and save many lives and solve numerous health problems of patients suffering from serious diseases. Similarly, there are other concerns, which support the idea of the development of human cloning. To put it more precisely, the development of human cloning is valuable in regard to the overall development of science because the development of genetics and experiments in the field of human cloning is closely intertwined with other branches of the modern science, including biology and other branches of science (Lo, et al., 2005). Therefore, human cloning can contribute to the scientific progress of the modern society that is apparently beneficial to people. In this regard, human cloning is justified.

Furthermore, human cloning does have the potential to the improvement of human beings. For instance, due to the development of human cloning, it is possible to develop techniques, which allow preventing genetic diseases, and other problems related to the genetic factors. In such a situation, human cloning can open the way to the minimization of genetic risk factors. In a long-run perspective, it is even possible to speak about the qualitative change of human race, but still it is hardly possible to underestimate risks related to genetic experiments and human cloning that puts under a question the effectiveness and justification of human cloning. Thus Human cloning is as well related to various negative impacts such a communal rejection, high risk of illnesses and leading an expensive live as one tries to fight with the impact of the process.

Conclusion

Human cloning and stem cell experiment have opened avenues to the development of the current medical grounds and scientific aspirations. Through the practice of human cloning and the usage of the stem cell experiment the illnesses that had no treatment have been checked by the usage of the tissue transplant or graft especially in the management of baldness.

Despite the various disadvantages, linkage of human cloning it is reasonable to summarize that human cloning has created a breakthrough in the medical sector and general science. This is because through it illnesses that used to be disturbing to the doctoral sector have solutions designed that are more effective when compared to the conventional types. It is  through human cloning that cancerous cells in a patient  are changed to prolong life and mitigate the pain and agonies. The Heart problems have been given reasonable cures and he partints return to their olden day lives. Thus, human cloning has more advantages as opposed to demerits and should stay in practice. Science has appreciated the existence of cloning and the breakthrough in the medical arena makes it a option that has to stay for the great advantages it has to the demand of the modern science and 21st century frequent happenings. The cloning aspect should be made to stay in the scientific practice and medical grounds. It is a yes for human cloning.

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