Health care associated infections include the infections acquired while patients are treated for other illnesses in a health setting, i.e. a hospital. Usually, they are caught anywhere including inpatient, outpatient, or even nursing homes. An individual, who is infected with pathogens, such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses, is usually the main cause of the health care associated infections. They may be transferred to patients due to various reasons, including the improper use of antibiotics or the transmission of communicable diseases between patients and healthcare workers. Other factors include poor hand washing practices, contaminations in the healthcare environment, infections from indwelling medical devices, such as bloodstream, urinary catheters, and endotracheal tubes among others. Health care associated infections are also acquired as a result of improper use of antibiotics and the unlicensed medicine purchasing or/and prescription. Examples of the health-associated infections include “urinary tract infections, surgical site infections, blood stream infections and pneumonia” (Bennett, Jarvis & Brachman, 2007).
The problem caused by health care infections cannot be underestimated. A considerable cause of deaths and sicknesses lies in these infections. In the U.S, more than twenty individuals are infected during hospital care at any given time. The infections can result in the loss of lives while causing overwhelming emotional, financial, as well as medical outcomes. Thus, the infections can lead to the loss of billion dollars each year (Wilson, 2006).
The given project, therefore, will focus on analyzing the use of antibiotics in a health care setting, and how the improper use of the antibiotics or even the wrong prescriptions can lead to a re-infection among patients. The project has a number of goals that it plans to enforce and achieve in order to ensure that the problem of health care associated infections is reduced or even done away completely. The goals include educating the public and all the people who access medical services and receive antibiotics and other medicines. It highlights the dangers of not fully and completely following the instructions that are given to them by their health care providers. The public should be educated on the danger, associated with purchasing medicine and antibiotics from unlicensed persons and health providers. Another goal is to ensure that the health providers are given the basic education that is necessary for them to be able to prescribe antibiotics to their patients.
Among other very important goals of this project is the education of the health care providers on the importance and significance of daily monitoring of their patients to ensure that they do not misuse the antibiotics they are provided with. Misuse would arise through under dosing; which is the use of fewer antibiotics than the ones prescribed to them, and overdosing; which is the taking of more medicines than the one recommended to them. For instance, a patient can decide to take 4 tablets instead of the 2 that are prescribed to them. The goals are very important since they will help to ensure that the risks of re-infection of healthy patients with health care associated infections are reduced or even avoided.
The project will help the institutions of health care give the best care possible in order to reduce the amount of re-infections among patients each day. In addition, it will help to reduce the amount of patients that are admitted or become sick due to health care associated infections. The patients will benefit from this program because they will not have to fear for their safety anymore. It will lessen the possibility of contacting unwanted diseases beyond their control. The education they receive will also ensure that they learn the effects of abusing and also not using the right antibiotics and thus, they will avoid doing so.
Further, this project will help to ensure that the families of those who may have been involved do not suffer more than they have to in relation to financial, emotional, and medical needs. The reason is that they will not incur more costs in treating their family members and thus, leading to the financial strains. The community also benefits from this project because much money lost daily in treating these conditions will be reduced, and the people in society will be healthier and happier thereby ensuring a productive society (Bennett, Jarvis & Brachman, 2007). The education received will ensure a more learned and also knowledgeable community, which really takes into consideration the proper use of medicines.
Nursing in today’s society is a major issue, and therefore, adoption of this project will give nurses the ability to provide their patients with the best healthcare because nurses are the people who interact with patients most. Nurses should ensure they are well-qualified, highly skilled, practice the highest levels of hygiene and ensure they are properly and well immunized. It is necessary to make sure they do not pass on the common forms of communicable diseases to their patients. They should further certify that they have very good knowledge in relation to the drugs and antibiotics that are administered to patients every day. It will help to ensure that they give their patients the best antibiotics for their illnesses and that the medicines are properly prescribed. Thus, the re-infections due to improper use of the antibiotics is minimized and avoided.
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Nowadays nursing plays a very key role in the lives of patients and everything that affects them. It is due to the fact that nurses interact a lot with their patients, as compared to their doctors and other health care providers. Therefore, lack of the required knowledge in the proper use of antibiotics and the proper methods of administration will be very detrimental. There is a risk of not only making the patients more vulnerable to the health care associated infections but also losing their trust in the health care providers and increasing their fear accordingly.
Nurses are the people who should put more emphasis on this project because their relationship with patients is more personal and frequent, as compared to doctors or even surgeons (Bennett, Jarvis & Brachman, 2007). Therefore, they should always strive to ensure that they offer their patients the best care. It is possible if nurses take these project’s strategies and apply them in their daily operations in hospitals and healthcare centers they represent.
Health care associated infections are a problem because they are mostly acquired in the hospital setting, thereby, compounding the already existing illness. Consequently, this is a timely project because it will help to formulate or recommend the strategies that nurses and caregivers can employ to avoid infections. It is for a reason that prevention is better than cure. Therefore, nurses should take the initiative to prevent health care associated infections instead of dealing with the repercussions.