The Victorian era was mainly regarded as being influenced by extreme confidence in its reason and rationality. Nevertheless, citizens of this era continued to rely on their fantasies in an effort to understand their surrounding especially the things that made little sense to them or were far beyond their power. This era of the United Kingdom started in 1837 until 1901 and was marked by the rule of Queen Victoria.
The period was marked by substantial prosperity of Britain from the profits gained as a result of conquering overseas empires by Britain. It was added by Britain’s industrial development that had stable roots within the territory. A good number of educated middle class individuals were realized as a result. More scholars were realized by the commencement of this era. This was seen by the variances in sensibilities, political opinions and games that are now linked to the Victorians (Grosvenor, 1899, 121-220).
Imagination is referred to as the capability of creating mental pictures, sensations or even concepts in incidences where they cannot be shared by all through senses such as sight, smell, touch or feel. Imagination is a product of the mind. It mainly helps in supplying meaning to occurrences, experiences and knowledge that cannot be easily comprehended. Imagination is an essential facility through which individuals can make sense out the different life experiences (Grosvenor, 1899, 121-220). Imagination contributes a big role in the process of learning different things. It enables individuals to create mental images that make them understand complex issues in their study. A simple example would be listening to a narrative that utilizes world to describe different case scenarios to the exactness of the world utilized.
In their book named The Communist Manifesto, Karl Max and Engels Friedrich describe communism as a socio-political campaign whose aim is consolidating a society that is classless and stateless based on the structure of ownership and the production means within the society or economy (Karl Marx & Friedrich, 2008, 57-98). The Marxist theory describes communism as a specific point in historical advancement that emerges out of the development of prolific forces leading to a great abundance of material wealth. In return, this allows the distribution of goods and services in relation to the needs of the economy in relation to social needs of the freely correlated members of society. Commonly mistaken for socialism, communism varies in definition. Modern use of the term refers to policies implemented by the Communist run states irrespective of the economic systems that they adhere to.
The authors of this piece of work imagine that different societies are made of a homogenous structure of social make up. It is ideological to imagine a society with no class levels. It is evident that the breakdown of societies into different levels ensures quality and successful leadership that ensures sufficient production and abundance to the community. In addition the application of communism cannot be imagined to be practically applicable to societies with different socio-cultural diversities. The authors of The Communist Manifesto apply their imagination of what the ideal world should be like. By suggesting political and social ideologies of an ideal communist society, they aim at achieving a standard ideology that they hope to be adopted by societies for the improvement of their policies (Karl Marx & Friedrich, 2008, 57-98).
Around the World in Eighty Days creates the picture of an adventurous experienced through a gentleman, Fogg and his new employee who try to go round the world in a period of 80 days to experience its different realms. In addition, they are under a budget of £20,000 in wager which is equivalent to an amount of £1,324,289 today (Verne, 1968). This money was contributed in part by Fogg’s friends at his reform club. Starting in London, the story depicts Phileas Fogg as a rich bachelor who lives alone. Irrespective of his riches, which would amount to approximately 2.7 million dollars today, Fogg who is described as reposed in action is depicted to live in modesty and an added habit of mathematical precision. He has very little social life away from the Reform Club.
After firing his former valet for serving him with shaving water at the undesirable temperature, Fogg hires a French valet. He gets into an argument in the Reform Club about a publication in The Daily Telegraph that claimed it possible to travel the world in a period of 80 days (Verne, 1968, 21-47). This led to a contribution of a wager of twenty thousand pounds from other Reform Club members. He was to receive this amount only after he circumnavigated the world in 80 days. He leaves London with his French valet and is expected back after 80 days.
The duo gets to Suez in good time and after disembarking in Egypt, they realize they are being followed by an officer of the Scotland Yard, Fix who is hunting down a robber that looks like Fogg. He coins friendship with Foggs’ assistant without revealing his identity. They reach India two days early after Fogg pays to ensure they arrive in good time (Verne, 1968, 21-47). Fogg realizes that the article in the Daily Telegraph misled them to thinking the railroad would actually get them around the world. The truth is that the railway breaks for 50 miles.
He buys an elephant that takes him through the distance where they encounter and rescue a young woman who was to be sacrificed. They get arrested in Calcutta and are later released on bail before heading on to Hong Kong. Fogg misses his train to Yokohama after being left behind by Passepartout, his valet who is tricked by ix to try and get Fogg arrested. The pair encounters several hurdles in trying to leave San Francisco for New York.
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In New York, they miss their ship to Liverpool but pay the crew of another ship to change course and take them there. In the long run, Fogg buys the ship at a costly price hence their arrival to Ireland before heading to London through Dublin (Verne, 1968, 21-47). Fix tries to arrest Fogg, and after clearing the misunderstanding, Fogg realizes he is late for his train and later gets to London five minutes later. In his disappointment that he is late, he finds solace in his later plans to marry Aouda, whom he had rescued from being sacrificed in India. He later realizes that he is a day earlier due to travelling east. He gets to the Reform Club where he claims his wager.
Jules Verne displays a wide array of imagination in his story. In addition to creating difficult scenes that the travellers experience, there is an added vivid expression of the environment in the different towns and cities. Moreover, his imagination of the different socio-cultural conditions in the towns is depicted. Verne creates a great description of the characters, situations and places in his story. He offers a rich supply of intrigue, suspense and drama within the story. His imagination also offers lessons learnt from the story whether in ideology or application. The wonderful world of fantasy is highly depicted in the story. The deal is sealed by the happy ending that involves the rescue of Aouda, the success of Foggs’ escapade and finally his marriage to Aouda.
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