Charles Andre Joseph Maria De Gaulle (November 22, 1890 to November 9, 1970), in France that is commonly referred to as general de Gaulle, was a French statesman and military leader. Charles De Gaulle was the third child of a morally conservative but socially progressive Roman Catholic family, he was born in a place referred to as Lille where he was brought up and educated in Paris at the college known as Stansilas (Jackson, 2003).
Before the World War II, De Gaulle was known by most people as a tank tactician and an advocate of the concentrated use of armored and aviation force. De Gaulle was also the leader of Free French government-in-exile and an anti-Nazi French Resistance guerilla leader during the World War II. He was also the head of provincial government during that period from 1944 – 1946 following the liberation of France from German occupation.
The thesis of this bibliography is to gather information about De Gaulle by discussing, who he is, his contributions in the French government, his service during the World War II, reasons for his recall to power in 1958, and finally the reasons or contributions that makes a great leader in the history of leadership in France.
De Gaulle accomplished various things in his early years such as rising to the rank of general and also served as France’s minister for National Defense and War in June, 1940, when France to Germany early in the World War II. De Gaulle also escaped to Britain, a place where he did various things that contributed him being fame as a result of broadcast calling on the people of French to resist and this earned him a (nickname “Man of June18, 1940”). He also led to the formation of the Free French forces and contrbuted to the provincial governing body that ruled France after being taken from the Germans. He was also elected as the head of French government after the war ended and he left the post in 1946 after forming a new party known as the Rassemblement du Peuple Francais (Rally of the People of France or RPF). De Gaulle was in and out of politics until 1958 when he was called to form a government amid opinionated turmoil in France (David, 1984).
He also oversaw the constitutional reforms that led to the formation of the Fifth Republic of France, and later became the first president of the French Republic in 1959. As a proud, charismatic, and stubborn leader, DE Gaulle insisted on France’s right to pursue an independent path from both United States and Europe. Later, De Gaulle also led to the settlement of France’s difficult relations with the territory of the Algerians through granting self-determination to Algeria. De Gaulle served as president for just over a decade before stepping down in April of 1969 (Jean, & Alan, 1993).
He was recalled after he retired from public life and writing his memoires and when an insurrection in Algeria threatened to bring civil war to France, made him to be returned to power in 1958 as the prime minister with the capability of reforming the constitution (Williams, 1993). French president Rene Coty appealed to the “most illustrious of Frenchmen” to become to become the president of the council (Prime Minister) of the Fourth Republic that he said led to the French political weakness.
Williams, (1993) the same year De Gaulle was elected as the president of the newly formed Fifth Republic which ensured a very strong presidency after the ending of the Algerian war which led to transformatiion of the France African territories into 12 independent states. He also led to the withdrawal of France from NATO and the policy of neutrality as seen by various as anti-Americanism. De Gaulle was recognized for the formation of the most famous political party and the founding of the Fifth Republic.
Charles de Gaulle, the man who led the Free French Forces against Nazi Germany during the second world war and later served as the president from 1959 to 1969. Another most lasting contribution domestically was establishing the legitimacy of institutions, provision of the state with legitimate institutions that led to creation of a working, viable government apparatus (David, 1984). This was the government that has lasted since 1958.
Another lasting contribution was that of resisting against the regime that collaborated with the Nazis, and in the post war period, setting up a functioning government that led to civil war and American occupation being avoided. The above are some of the most remarkable contributions of De Gaulle. Generally in terms of foreign policy, Charles De Gaulle led to the establishment of a role for the France internationally and as the first leader to contribute to the opening up of China. Charles De Gaulle is amongst one of the personalities who spoke not of the Soviet Union, but rather of Russia. He was also one of the prominent figures who predicted the end of Communism and he also indicated that Europe would be a “Europe of nations” (Williams, 1993).
In conclusion, it is evident that Charles De Gaulle contributed to a lot of things that made France what it is today. Through the things that De Gaulle did made him to be the most famous leader in France and even his successor continued the same spirit.